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At Vincere Health we use the latest and most advanced local cryostimulation technology, namely the Metrum Cryo-T Elephant. The Cryo-T Elephant device use nitrogen liquid vapour of which the gas temperature at the outlet of the nozzle can range from -120 to -196 degrees to reach the correct skin and tissue temperature between 2 and 7 degrees within 4 minutes. In addition, the Cryo-T Elephant has a unique safety feature. Sensors are placed inside the application nozzle to allow for remote measurement and to maintain the correct temperature and to ensure optimal physiological and therapeutic effects, while avoiding overcooling and unwanted frostbite.
It is important to note that although the clinical application of ice or an ice pack is recommended for inflammatory conditions such as for swelling and acute localized pain, local ice appliedDOES NOT elicit the same and desired physiological responses in the human body as cryostimulation.
Inflammation is a necessary protective defence mechanism of the human being against injury and infection. The inflammatory response function to localize and eliminate the injurious agent, protect the injured tissue from further damage and to remove damaged tissue components, so that the body can heal itself. Studies have shown that excessive and chronic inflammation, in addition to oxidative stress play a vital role in the pathophysiology (cause) of inflammatory joint diseases and other musculoskeletal disorders, including osteoporosis , as well as in exercise induced-muscle soreness and muscle damage.
Free radicals are toxic by-products of oxygen metabolism that can cause severe damage to living cells and tissues in a process known as oxidative stress. Studies have shown that oxidative stress, in addition to increased inflammation, play a vital role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory joint diseases and other musculoskeletal disorders, including osteoporosis. Furthermore, vigorous exercise may cause and contribute to aberrant oxidative stress and produce detrimental effects on muscle tissue. An antioxidant can decrease the production of free radicals by inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules and provide protection to cells from the detrimental effects of oxidation.
Cryostimulation has been shown to decrease pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-1 with decrease in pain, decrease in disease activity and improve functional outcomes in individuals suffering from active active inflamatory joint disease inflammatory joint diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis. Also, cryostimulation has been shown to produce long term effects of including decreasing pain, decreasing disease activity and improving functional outcomes in individuals suffering from chronic inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
Cryostimulation can significantly decrease serum inflammatory markers , decrease total oxidative status and increase total anti-oxidant status. Also, in comparison with kinesiotherapy, cryostimulation can decrease pain twice as much decrease pain twice as much, decrease disease activity and improve functional outcomes and quality of life. Furthermore, cryostimulation with subsequent kinesiotherapy markedly improves spinal mobility spinal mobility in individuals suffering from ankylosing spondylitis. The progression of ankylosing spondylitis can result in fusion of the axial skeleton and a marked loss of physical function and spinal mobility.
Cryostimulation can substantially decrease pain and swellings, cause skeletal muscles relaxation and increase muscle power and range of motion in individuals suffering from symptomatic osteoporosis. Low bone density results from altered bone resorption and formation homeostasis and bone turnover bone turnover. The osteoclast activity surpass es activity osteoclast activity surpass osteoblast activity. Typically, there are no symptoms, unless the condition progresses to osteoporosis. Symptoms of osteoporosis include back pain, loss of height, a stooped posture and easily fractured bones.
Cryostimulation may enhance normal and healthy bone turnover in osteopenia and osteoporosis, significantly decreasing the serum bone turnover marker osteocalcin and increase carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen. In addition, studies have shown that cryostimulation can markedly increase remodelling osteoimmunological biomarkers osteoprotegerin and counteracts the altered osteoclast activity with decreased bone resorption and decreased osteolytic disease progression.